Malnutrition (under-nutrition) occurs in approximately 30% of hospitalized adults worldwide
and results in poor outcomes. However there is no universal method for diagnosing
malnutrition. A group of experts created a set of 6 characteristics to identify
malnutrition. The goal of this project is to determine whether these characteristics are the
best indicators to identify malnutrition or if there are other factors that may better
identify malnutrition. ... Read More
The purpose of this project is to understand if more frequent education of dialysis patients
(patients with kidney failure who get their blood cleaned and fluid removed by a machine
instead of their kidneys) on reducing sodium intake reduces the amount of fluid weight that
patients gain between dialysis sessions. Patients who usually gain more fluid than is
considered ideal will be recruited for this project. Because all patients gain different
amounts to ... Read More
The main objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of two diets with different
glycemic index and fibre content on glucose metabolism and plasma lipid profile of 80
adolescents in 4 European centres.
Secondary objectives are to evaluate the effects of the two standardized diets on selected
hormones and variables linked to inflammatory status.
This research study will compare two different screens for nutrition risk in patients who
are in the hospital. We will be comparing the ThedaCare Nutrition Risk Screen to see if it
is as good and consistent as the standard NRS 2002 Nutrition Risk Screen.
The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of a pre-planned patient-adjusted
intensive nutritional counselling given by a dietitian several times during
(chemo)radiotherapy vs. individualized nutritional counselling given by a dietitian once in
the beginning of (chemo)radiotherapy and thereafter on-demand in patients with head and neck
squamous cell cancer.
This study aims to randomly assign individuals with type 2 diabetes into the ENHANCED
randomized control trial. The study is being conducted by the Minneapolis Heart Institute
Foundation (MHIF) and will have two study sites 1) Hutchinson Health and 2) New Ulm Medical
Center. The study is primarily funded through the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (AND).
The study will examine the impact of a registered dietitian-led, primary care integrated,
... Read More
Overall study design is to review National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)
data 1999-2008 for nutrition risk according to kidney function. Substudies will be performed
to review the association of nutrients and overall dietary intake compared to biomarkers
available in NHANES during this period.
The purpose of this study is to investigate whether red and white wine consumption has acute
effects on postprandial biochemical markers related to platelet aggregation, inflammation
and oxidative stress compared to water or 12.5% ethanol aqueous solution consumption.
Objective: To evaluate the association between physical exercise for obese or overweight
women and the maternal, perinatal outcomes and perception of these women about their quality
Methods: A randomized controlled clinical trial with 78 pregnant women. Overweight or obese
(BMI ≥ 26 kg / m²), gestational age between 14 and 24 weeks and from age 18 years were
included. They will be divided into two random groups: one which will an exercise program
... Read More
The objective of this project is to develop and test the effectiveness of a Cooperative
Extension enhanced intervention titled "Smart Shopping," aimed at improving the shopping
practices of adolescents with the ultimate goal of increasing fruit and vegetable intake. To
achieve this goal, the investigators will conduct formative research (Year 1) via a
community-wide analysis of the school, home and neighborhood food environments. In
collaboration with ... Read More
Disease-related malnutrition is common across healthcare settings in the UK and if left
untreated, may have severe consequences. One of the strategies commonly used to combat
malnutrition is the use of oral nutritional supplements (ONS). However, there is uncertainty
about the optimal way of delivering ONS to patients to maximize compliance and nutrient
This randomised study will investigate the effect of different modes of delivery (ad libitum
... Read More
Falls and falls related injuries are considered one of the most adverse events that a
patient can experience. Several assessment instruments to assess and mitigate risks for
falls have been developed. However, these instruments have not addressed nutritional risk
Weight loss and low hemoglobin levels are key components of Malnutrition. Malnutrition in
the hospital setting is a significant concern and may play a role as a fall risk factor.
... Read More
The purpose of the study is to investigate whether different doses of caffeinated coffee
consumption has acute effects on subjective appetite feelings, energy intake and biochemical
markers related to appetite, inflammation and glucose metabolism compared to water
consumption in normal weight and overweight/obese participants.
In head-neck cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy (RT) malnutrition is associated with
impaired quality of life, reduced survival, more frequent treatment interruptions and dose
reductions. The international guidelines recommend early nutritional support in the presence
of nutritional risk, as it allows preventing or treating malnutrition and improving the
clinical outcomes, as well as the tolerability of oncologic treatments. Previous nutritional
... Read More
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of a multicomponent school-based
intervention based on Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory targeting healthy eating and
physical activity for high school adolescent girls from low-income communities in the city
of São Paulo, Brazil.
Protein-calorie malnutrition is a frequent comorbidity in hospitalized patients and there is
evidence that the nutritional status may influence the response to drug treatment,
mortality, susceptibility to infections, the patient's functional status, duration of
hospital stay and, consequently, overall healthcare costs. The causes of malnutrition are
manifold. The underlying disease may in fact lead to an increase in the patient's energy
needs, whether or not ... Read More
The purpose of this study is to help overweight or obese children to maintain or reduce
their body mass index (BMI) through the home-based parent training program the investigators
developed called DRIVE. The investigators hypothesize that children from families that
receive the DRIVE program will show greater maintenance or improvement in their BMIs than
families who do not receive DRIVE.
The purpose of the study is to test the effectiveness of two different methods of mobile
dietary self-monitoring for weight loss. Both of these interventions will provide weight
loss information through twice weekly audio podcasts. In addition to the podcasts,
participants will be asked to track their diet using an assigned mobile applications (for
their smartphone), which will be randomly assigned.