In colorectal surgery, the use of prophylactic antibiotics is recommended. The standard use
of antibiotics for colorectal surgery is three doses.
It has been reported that the surgical site infection rates of laparoscopic colorectal
surgery are lower than open colorectal surgery. However, the evidence of proper application
of antibiotic for laparoscopic colorectal surgery is still not enough.
The investigators are researching the efficacy and safety of one ... Read More
This is a prevalence study evaluating lower urinary tract, prolapse, bowel, and sexual
symptoms in women with a colorectal disorder who are planning to undergo surgery.
The purpose of this study is to identify the number of women who complain of lower urinary
tract and bowel problems, including frequency, urgency, urinary incontinence, fecal
incontinence, pain with intercourse, and other sexual problems prior to undergoing surgical
management for a ... Read More
Hypothesis: The total costs of laparoscopic colorectal surgery are less than those of open
Secondary hypothesis: Patients quality of life is higher following laparoscopic surgery, as
compared to open colorectal surgery.
1. To estimate the cost implications and clinical benefits of incorporating laparoscopic
colorectal surgery into routine clinical practice.
2. To examine whether the increased operative ... Read More
Anastomotic leak is a devastating complication of colorectal surgery. There is no widespread
means of assessing the viability of a laparoscopic anastomosis. The investigators described
recently the feasibility of microvascularisation assessment with near-infra red technology
The aim of this study is to look at the implementation of this technique in a wider
prospective series of patients undergoing colorectal resection.
This study aims to test the effects of a Preoperative Relaxation intervention and an
Intensified Surgery Patient Education on pre- and postoperative wellbeing and health in
Patients Undergoing colorectal surgery.
Source: University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center
The purpose of this study is to produce a user-friendly tool- in the form of a questionnaire
- to accurately assess early quality of life in patients after abdominal colorectal surgery
from the first day after surgery to 6 months after. The study will also compare this
questionnaire to the other currently available assessment tools. Patients are invited to
participate if they are undergoing abdominal colorectal surgery at University Hospitals of
... Read More
Source: Huazhong University of Science and Technology
The purpose of this study is to verify the 5-year disease free survival (DFS) of resectable
colorectal cancer after laparoscopic surgery according to a Chinese Operative Standard was
not inferior to open surgery.
Source: Instituto de Investigación Hospital Universitario La Paz
A comparison of skin closure techniques (standard skin closure with staples versus a
continuous (subcuticular) absorbable suture), to determine if this changes the rate of post
operative wound infections in elective colorectal surgery patients.
The Enhanced Recovery After Surgery system for perioperative care of patients undergoing
major abdominal surgery, particularly colorectal surgery, was formed in Europe by a surgeon
named Henrik Kehlet in 1994. Dr. Kehlet observed that his patients undergoing colorectal
surgery were hospitalized postoperatively for extended periods of time due to prolonged
return of the normal intestinal physiology and of other bodily functions. He formulated a
system of ... Read More
Mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) is common practice in elective colorectal surgery. In
recent literature the value of MBP is subject of discussion. We conducted a multicenter,
randomized study with the goal of comparing outcome of elective colorectal resections and
primary anastomoses with and without mechanical bowel preparation in terms of anastomotic
leakage and other septic complications.
Within the setting of a multicenter randomized trial,1433 ... Read More
Background: Our previous study demonstrated that electroacupuncture at Zusanli, Sanyinjiao,
Hegu, and Zhigou reduces the duration of postoperative ileus and hospital stay after
laparoscopic colorectal surgery within a traditional perioperative care setting. Recent
evidence also suggested that a 'fast-track' perioperative program may help accelerate
recovery after colorectal surgery. As electroacupuncture is simpler to implement and less
labor intensive, it ... Read More
Source: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
- Some types of inflammation may increase the risk of cancers in the intestinal track.
Because of this possibility, anti-inflammatory drugs may be able to prevent tumor growth and
spread. One such drug, sulindac, may be helpful to study. Researchers want to see if people
who are having surgery to remove intestinal tumors from advanced colorectal cancer will
benefit from sulindac. It will be tested against a placebo.
- ... Read More
Source: Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University
- Compared with traditional open colectomy, laparoscopic surgery is associated with less
pain, earlier recovery, and better cosmetic outcome, and its short- and long-term
oncologic outcomes have been demonstrated.
- In experienced surgeons' hands, single incision laparoscopic surgery is increasingly
performed for colorectal disease, and even for malignant lesion because of its reduced
incision-associated morbidity and scarring.
... Read More
The purpose of this study is to determine whether intravenous lidocaine increase the
tolerability of early oral feeding after laparoscopic colorectal surgery in patients with
- Degree of nausea/vomiting.
- Degree of postoperative pain and opioids requirement.
- Time to first flatus, time to first stool, time to tolerance of regular diet, rate of
postoperative complications and duration of postoperative hospital ... Read More