Source: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
In preterm infants fed human milk, milk needs to be fortified to meet nutrient
recommendations. Fortification can be 1) standard, 2) individualized (adjusted based on
daily human milk nutrient analysis and milk volume), or 3) optimized (adjusted based on
growth rate and serum analyses).
The first specific aim will determine whether individualized and optimized nutrition during
hospitalization results in improved growth in the neonatal intensive care unit ... Read More
The main objective is to investigate the effects of perioperative nutrition on postoperative
ileus and anastomotic leakage in patients undergoing colorectal surgery.
Perioperative enteral nutrition is compared to the standard of care (fasting
Septic shock represents the body's dysregulated response to an infection, manifesting as
persistent hypotension (mean arterial pressure < 70 mmHg) despite intravenous (IV) fluid
resuscitation. Severe sepsis and septic shock are major healthcare problems, affecting
millions of people around the world each year In critically ill patients without shock,
provision of enteral nutrition within 24-48 hours has shown to preserve intestinal
epithelium, maintain brush ... Read More
Source: Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Hospital
End-stage renal disease is often accompanied by malnutrition due to less appetite, metabolic
changes or both. Human immunodeficiency virus-infection may exacerbate the state of
malnutrition. In a pilot study, we recruit both HIV invected and non-infected patients on
hemodialysis. Non-HIV patients will be randomized to peroral supplemental nutrition or no
peroral supplemental nutrition. All HIV patients will receive peroral supplemental
nutrition. The ... Read More
Parenteral nutrition (PN) is part of supportive care in oncology Pediatric when the
patient's nutritional status justifies it and enteral is impossible. In the literature,
hepatotoxicity, cholestasis type, standard emulsions of soy oil-based (type Médialipide®) is
described in the context of a long-term PN especially in premature infants. It results in an
increase in gammaGT. The most recent use of lipid emulsions containing Omega 3 (Smoflipid),
was studied ... Read More
This study will assess compliance with dietary recommendations, in conjunction with a
nutritional supplement to meet the nutritional requirements in children and the effects of
the compliance on promoting growth in children who are at risk of under-nutrition.
The purpose of this study is to test Mobile Technologies in Assisting Patients & Family
Caregivers in Healthy Living and complex home care by connecting to information and
professionals from a distance.
The study shall provide evidence for the save and efficient use of a fish oil containing
lipid emulsion in parenteral nutrition of preterm infants.Safety will be assessed by
monitoring hepatological and hematological laboratory parameters. Efficiency will be
assessed by monitoring of inflammatory parameters.
The purpose of this study is to compare the effect of two drugs that can help in the
prevention of regurgitation during the administration of enteral nutrition and define which
one is the most effective.
In animal models and retrospective studies, certain food components such as sugars and fiber
have been detected as potential agents to influence development and progress of type 2
The DiNA study prospectively investigates, if non-soluble non-fermentable fibers (vs.
soluble ones) and galactose (vs. palatinose) are capable to improvement metabolic parameters
in patients with long-term type 2 diabetes and intensive insulin treatment.
To determine whether specialized enteral nutrition support can improve oxygenation status in
critically ill patients with acute lung injury (ALI) or acute respiratory distress syndrome
(ARDS) comparing to a standard enteral nutritional formula.
Mindfulness has been applied in the United States and Europe to improve both physical and
psychological health, however, it is still poorly studied in Brazil. Mindfulness, or its
lack, may also have particular relevance to obesity and eating disorders, reducing the
episodes of "binge eating", which are partly responsible for weight regain for many people,
and improving the eating behavior in order to promote awareness of emotional states which
distort the ... Read More
Aim is to investigate the influence of an early supply of parenteral nutrition including a
fish oil containing lipid emulsion on the course of acute lung injury in the intensive care
unit. In comparison, a standard parenteral nutrition with a soybean oil based emulsion will
be used. Data obtained in this trial may provide evidence for a beneficial effect of fish
oil derived omega-3 fatty acids in parenteral nutrition regarding their influence on acute
lung ... Read More
The objective of this unblinded study is to assess the nutritional effects of a 12 weeks
administration of the specific enteral nutrition (SEN) RealDiet®Renal pockets, as well as
the impact on the patients' quality of life.
Source: USDA Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center
The purpose of the study is to evaluate an afterschool program to teach nutrition through
basic cooking skills. This after school extracurricular program increases the students'
confidence, knowledge, and skills for cooking as one of the first steps for dietary
improvement. In addition to the life lessons students learn during this class, they gain
self-confidence and become self-sufficient culinary experts that are capable of educating
their siblings, ... Read More
The objective of this study is to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of two nutrition
screening tools to identify inpatients with malnutrition or at risk of malnutrition. The two
tools are the Royal Marsden Abridged Adult Nutrition Screening Tool (AANST) and the
Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST) The tools will be compared with the currently accepted
gold standard, Patient Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA). Both screening tools
are in ... Read More