Source: Mednax Center for Research, Education and Quality
To provide a mechanism for critically ill infants with parenteral nutrition (PN) associated
cholestasis to receive Omegaven for compassionate use situations for which there are no
satisfactory alternative treatments.
This study is a multi-dimensional therapeutic lifestyle program that offers cooking and
nutrition education as well as email-based health coaching to diabetic patients in an
underserved Cleveland community. This is an innovative project as it is one of the first
focused efforts within this community to improve diabetes control and prevent diabetes
progression through cooking and nutrition as well as to systematically measure both clinical
and behavioral ... Read More
Source: National Institute of Health and Nutrition
The purpose of the present study was to clarify the effects of increase in physical activity
on incidence and surrogate marker of cardiovascular diseases. The working hypothesis of the
present study was that the physical activity to satisfy the Japanese guideline of Ministry
of Health, Labour and Welfare is effective for the primary prevention of the
The purpose of this study is to determine what the long term survival is after in hospital
use of total parenteral nutrition due to intestinal failure.
Earlier studies only followed patients for a maximum of 6 months or included only very
specific patients. We were interested in all patients in our hospital and followed them for
up to 2 years.
This is a longitudinal, observational study on nutrition, growth and body composition in
preterm infants. Aims to determine the adequacy of actual nutrient intake during the preterm
period by investigating associations between macronutrient supply, growth, and body
composition at 34-weeks gestation, term equivalent and 2-month corrected gestational age.
Nutritional treatment has become an essential component of the management of critically ill,
due to better knowledge about positive impact of nutritional support. Malnutrition among ICU
patients is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, length of stay (LOS) and
therefore higher costs.Several studies however suggest, that early implementation of
nutritional support is associated with improved clinical outcome, shorter LOS, and decreased
infection ... Read More
In the PEPaNIC trial it is investigated whether withholding parenteral nutrition during the
first week in critically ill children is beneficial, compared to the current standard of the
early start of parenteral nutrition.
1. The aim of this large scale study to survey the prevalence of nutritional risk and
malnutrition in China,Europe and USA.
2. The impact of nutritional support for the patients at nutritional risk on clinical
outcomes and cost-effectiveness
Already get the approval by Ethics Committee of Peking Union medical college and Johns
The ICAN Pilot project aims to evaluate the differences in economic, clinical and quality of
life outcomes of a nutrition intervention involving lifestyle case management and medical
nutrition therapy by a registered dietitian compared to usual medical care in obese persons
with type 2 diabetes. The intervention is aimed at moderate weight loss (> 5-10%),
improvement in diet quality and an increase in physical activity.
An increasing number of patients survive critical illness and intensive care, but describe
having impaired physical function several years after discharge as a consequence of
extensive loss of muscle mass. Reasons for loss of muscle mass and physical function are
multiple, but insufficient nutrition is likely to contribute.
This randomised trial will investigate the effect of an optimised nutrition therapy during
intensive care, on short term clinical ... Read More
A prospective, randomized controlled study, using stable isotope methodology, is proposed to
determine whether an oral nutrition support regimen, containing pressurized whey protein and
glucose, is more effective at normalizing the metabolic response to surgery than a standard
peripheral parenteral nutrition (PPN) support regimen, containing amino acids and glucose,
in colorectal surgical patients studied before and after surgery. The effectiveness of the
... Read More
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a goal directed nutritional intervention
can reduce the convalescence period for patients undergoing radical cystectomy (RC).
The aim is to examine the effect on quality of life of a standard nutritional strategy of
resting the bowel till clear signs of bowel recovery and feeding orally after bowel recovery
versus a goal-directed nutritional intervention combining oral intake and parenteral
nutrition, in ... Read More
The aim of this study is to compare two nutritional regimes in critically ill patients.
Patients will be randomized to standard care (25 kcal per kg) or to hypocaloric nutrition
(15 kcal per kg). Both regimes will recive 1,7 g/Kg/dia The main outcome will be the SOFA
(sequential organ failure assessment) score. The hypothesis is that hypocaloric hyperproteic
diet decreases the incidence of organic failure in these patients.
The primary aims of this research project are to:
1. Evaluate the efficacy of Camp NERF to improve child nutrition, physical activity,
mental health, and anthropometric outcomes.
2. Evaluate the efficacy of Camp NERF to improve caregiver self-efficacy for establishing
healthy family nutrition and physical activity practices, amount of physical activity,
3. Evaluate the efficacy of Camp NERF to improve youth mentor ... Read More
The purpose of this study is to determine if a fat emulsion comprised of omega-3 fatty
acids, Omegaven, would be beneficial in the management of steatotic liver injury in
parenteral nutrition (PN) by its inhibition of de novo lipogenesis, the reduction of
arachidonic acid-derived inflammatory mediators, prevention of essential fatty acid
deficiency through the presence of small amounts of arachidonic acid, and improved clearance
of lipids from the serum.