Patients with mechanical ventilation have shown improved weaning rates when enteral tube
feeding high in EPA, GLA and antioxidants were fed to patients in the critical care setting.
LTAC Patients on chronic mechanical ventilation will have decreased days an mechanical
ventilation, decreased mortality rates and decreased organ failure when fed an enteral
product high in EPA, GLA and antioxidants compared to an isotonic high fiber enteral
... Read More
The purpose of this study is to compare three lipidic forms of DHA in their metabolic
pathway in human by using 13C labeled molecules.
The circulating form of DHA plays a major role in his cerebral incorporation. The aim of
this research is to confirm that some lipidic forms are best carriers for the cerebral
incorporation in studying 13C-DHA distribution in plasma lipids and blood cells.
This application, funded by the American Association of Retired Persons(AARP) Foundation, is
to implement the Healthy Eating for at Risk Older Adults (HERO) initiative. This initiative
will address barriers of affordability, and reduced mobility by providing older adults with
nutritious foods that are usually difficult to purchase due to high cost; delivering needed
foods to individuals in their homes; tailoring food delivery frequency based on level of
food ... Read More
This clinical trial will evaluate the growth, tolerance, and iron status of infants who
consume an investigational infant formula containing a nutrient-rich whey protein compared
to a previously marketed infant formula.
The investigators aim to develop, pilot and evaluate a new "Total Lifestyle Coaching" (TLC)
program, that will address both information and behavior-change aspects of nutrition
education for patients whose body mass index (BMI) exceeds 25.
Dosing of nutrition in PICUs is mainly based on patient weight and assumptions on clinical
status. There is however poor correlation between these calculations and actual energy
consumption measured with indirect calorimetry (IC). Available equipment for IC has however
been too cumbersome to use in daily clinical practice. Of relative new date is IC integrated
in modern ventilators. This functionality is easy to use, but we do not know if the results
are ... Read More
A 3 months randomized, placebo-controlled study on the effect of toothpaste fortified with
vitamin B12 on vitamin B12 status markers and related metabolic markers. The primary outcome
variable is the difference in the change of methylmalonic acid after 3 months between the
two study arms.
A diet rich in whole grain is inversely associated with cardiovascular disease risk. Whole
grains contain a wide range dietary components including potentially vasoactive phenolic
acids. In this proposed human trial, the investigators aim to establish whether consumption
of one portion of phenolic acid-rich oats leads to acute improvements (i.e. 1-24h
post-intake) in markers of cardiovascular disease risk relative to an energy matched control
intervention in ... Read More
Malnourished patients with IBD that receive pre-operative parenteral nutrition therapy will
have fewer post-operative complications compared to malnourished patients that receive
standard of care nutritional therapy.
Twenty-five women will be followed through their breast cancer treatment. The women will be
asked to provide their opinions and desires for lifestyle intervention at different times
throughout treatment. In addition, basic clinical data will be collected . The primary goal
of this pilot study is to investigate the physical and behavioral changes that occur in
patients receiving treatment for breast cancer.
Intestinal insufficiency due to short bowel syndrome is a chronic, disabling condition with
significant morbidity and mortality.Standard care includes home parenteral/enteral nutrition
as well as intestinal transplantation, however multiple drugs, vitamins, antibiotics and
symptom-relieving agents may be required. Prescriptional pattern of these drugs will be
analyzed in a clinical cohort.
Human milk is the best source of enteral nutrition for the preterm infant. However during
the infants first hours and days of life breastmilk from the own mother is usually not
available. Until May 2012 the practice in the Neonatal Division of the Department of
Pediatrics /Medical University Vienna was to start with formula feedings within the first 6
hours of life of a premature infant and switch over to breastmilk as soon it was available.
In June 2012 the ... Read More
The purpose of this study is to determine the average dosage of oral vitamin D
supplementation to maintain optimal vitamin D levels in the body and to see if there are
differences in the response to oral vitamin D supplementation between African-American and
In the post-genomic era, a major challenge for health research is to understand the complex
interactions among genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors including dietary intake.
Unfortunately, such initiatives are hampered by the lack of accurate dietary intake
assessment methods for large studies. The newly emerging field of metabolomics offers unique
possibilities to characterize individual food intake, dietary patterns and effects of
dietary ... Read More
This protocol involves the compassionate use of intravenous fish oil infusion, Omegaven. The
protocol involves infants and children with parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease to
enable the reversal of elevated serum liver enzymes and direct bilirubin (cholestasis).
Studies have shown that burn patients may benefit from low fat diets, but there is still no
strong data regarding the impact of fatty acid composition used for feeding. The trial test
the hypothesis that the inclusion of omega-3 PUFA in a low fat diet may improve outcome.
Prospective randomised controlled trial in adult patients admitted for burns > 15% body
surface area (BSA), and inhalation injury requiring mechanical ventilation and enteral
nutrition. On ... Read More
The specific aim of this protocol is to examine differential expression of specific mRNAs
and proteins that occur when the dietary intake of zinc is acutely reduced below the dietary
requirement for a period of ten days.
Preterm infants of extreme low birth weight (ELBW, < 1000 gram birth weight) cannot
immediately be nourished with mother´s or formula milk and are typically dependent on
parenteral nutrition (PN) for a prolonged period of time. This puts them at risk for liver
complications of PN, namely parenteral nutrition associated cholestasis (PNAC).
Intravenous lipid emulsions (ILE) based on soy bean oil are standard of care for provision
of energy and essential fatty ... Read More