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Clinical Trials: Nutrition & Dietetics

Source: Hospital Universitari Son Dureta
Recent reports suggest that most beneficial results of glutamine have been obtained with the parenteral administration of high doses of glutamine (0.35 g/Kg/d) and in some special group of patients, such as traumatic patients. Nevertheless total parenteral nutrition is not often used in critically ill patients. The endovenous administration of the the dipeptide N(2)-L-alanyl-L-glutamine in trauma ICU patients can reduce the number of infections, ICU length ... Read More
Last Updated: 29 Nov 2010
Source: Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine
The purpose of this study is to study the potential benefits of low fat vegan diet in a randomized, controlled and multi-centered workplace setting, the investigators will enroll participants from 10 worksites of Government Employee Insurance Company (GEICO). After randomization, 5 will be the vegan sites and 5 will be the control sites for 10 month study. The vegan sites will receive low fat vegan diet instructions and weekly group sessions starting from ... Read More
Last Updated: 22 Jan 2013
Source: German Institute of Human Nutrition
The investigators hypothesise that a common A277G polymorphism of the liver fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) gene, which leads to an amino acid exchange, may be associated with alterations of lipid-induced hepatic insulin resistance. In the present study the investigators will investigate potential differences in lipid-induced hepatic insulin resistance, and in the relation between glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis, in healthy subjects with the A277G ... Read More
Last Updated: 02 May 2012
Source: Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France
In France, primary cardiovascular and metabolic prevention is supported by the French National Program for Nutrition and Health (PNNS: Programme National Nutrition Santé). The investigators made the hypothesis that, independently of other diseases, the non adherence in PNNS guidelines would lead to arterial stiffness, endothelial dysfunction, change in microcirculation and in cardiac autonomic system. These changes may exist at fasting but also be ... Read More
Last Updated: 15 Apr 2012
Source: Rennes University Hospital
The optimization of newborns nutrition is a challenge especially for preterm newborns for whom nutrition plays a crucial part in cerebral and global development. Human milk is considered as the best food for newborns. Several short and long-term beneficial health effects were attributed to breastfeeding and have induced the increase of human milk in preterm newborns nutrition. Whereas the chemical composition of infant formula has been optimized to mimic ... Read More
Last Updated: 24 Apr 2016
Source: VA Office of Research and Development
Hospital-acquired infections can occur five times as frequently in rehabilitation patients than in other hospital admissions. We postulate that this high infection rate may be due to nutritional problems frequently experienced in these patients. In this study, we examine the role of nutrition in inpatient geriatric rehabilitation patients' immune function and infection rates. Read More
Last Updated: 05 Apr 2015
Source: University of British Columbia
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common lethal, inherited disorder among Caucasians. Choline is an essential vitamin and as a methyl donor is critically needed to support the normal metabolism. Our previous studies have demonstrated that children with CF have depleted levels of choline. The purpose of this study is to supply a choline supplement to children with CF to see if their nutrition and methyl status can be improved. Read More
Last Updated: 16 Feb 2010
Source: First Hospital of Jilin University
To evaluate immunomodulatory effects of perioperative application of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in gastric cancer surgery, the effects of postoperative recovery, the improvement of nutritional status, incidence rate of related complications, and whether it can reduce the average postoperative hospitalization days. Read More
Last Updated: 25 Jul 2013
Source: Massachusetts General Hospital
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in bipolar disorder, yet no empirically validated psychosocial interventions to manage risk factors for CVD in BD have been developed. The purpose of this study is to develop and test the feasibility of an integrated treatment to decrease CVD risk factors, while exploring whether the intervention improves overall functioning and mood symptoms. The designed treatment integrates ... Read More
Last Updated: 14 Sep 2016
Source: Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine
This study aims to test hypotheses that are potentially important to diabetes management, with practical implications for reducing the medical, personal, and economic costs of the disease. Anticipated outcomes include reductions in glycosylated hemoglobin that are significantly greater than those achievable with current diet recommendations, reductions in medication use among many intervention-group participants, beneficial changes in body weight and serum ... Read More
Last Updated: 18 Oct 2015
Source: Vanderbilt University
Inadequate food and fluid intake is a common problem among nursing home (NH) residents and one that can lead to under-nutrition, dehydration, weight loss, hospitalization, and even death. The most common nutrition intervention for at-risk NH residents is oral liquid nutrition supplementation, although, there is limited controlled evidence of the efficacy of supplements in promoting weight gain in NH residents. Moreover, studies show that supplements are not ... Read More
Last Updated: 30 Oct 2016
Source: University of British Columbia
This is a prospective longitudinal study that will involve 200 infants enrolled at 12-13 months of age. The study will use a classic nutrition design to assess if infants' feeding practices in Canada place infants 1-2 years of age at risk for low long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA), nutrients known to influence growth, and brain and immune system development. On enrollment, infants will be assigned at random to a nutrition supplement providing ... Read More
Last Updated: 23 May 2016
Source: Orexigen Therapeutics, Inc
The purpose of this study is to determine which of seven combinations of Zonisamide CR and Bupropion SR gives the best weight loss and is safe and well tolerated for the treatment of obesity not associated with the complications of obesity such as diabetes. In a previous study, the combination of zonisamide and bupropion SR was shown to be effective for weight loss compared to either zonisamide, bupropion SR alone or placebo. It is thought that by adjusting ... Read More
Last Updated: 17 Apr 2008
Source: Shire
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy, safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of teduglutide compared with placebo in subjects with parenteral nutrition (PN)-dependent short bowel syndrome (SBS). Read More
Last Updated: 09 Nov 2015
Source: NICHD Global Network for Women's and Children's Health
Malnutrition is a serious health problem in the developing world. This study looks at the effects of changing the type of basic food staple (corn) used in Guatemala and infant zinc supplementation on infants' growth, development, and illnesses from infectious diseases. Read More
Last Updated: 15 Dec 2013
Source: Universidad de Monterrey
Comer en Familia is a psychoeducational intervention in nutrition aimed to improve nutritional status in families, particularly mothers and caregivers of children between the ages of 5 and 13 years and their children through providing healthy cooking lessons in their communities where the optimal preparation and use of local foods based on vegetables is promoted at the same time the importance of cooking at home and eating as a family is highlighted. Read More
Last Updated: 22 Sep 2016
Source: Columbia University
Hispanic women are 20% more likely to die of breast cancer than non Hispanic white women who are diagnosed at a similar age and stage. One reason for this disparity may be differences in post diagnosis dietary behaviors. In order to reduce this disparity, and to improve overall survivorship, culturally appropriate dietary interventions that teach women how to eat a diet high in fruits and vegetables and low in saturated fat need to be developed for Hispanic ... Read More
Last Updated: 18 May 2016
Source: Research Institute of Child Nutrition, Dortmund
Primary objective of this study is to examine the effects of 2 different approaches of dietary strategies to optimise fatty acid composition in complementary food on infant's fatty acid status and its consequences on cognitive and visual development. Subjects are randomly assigned to one of three groups: - Rapeseed oil (high in n-3 PUFA and small n-6:n-3 ratio to support endogenous n- 3 LC-PUFA metabolism) - Fatty fish (preformed n-3 ... Read More
Last Updated: 04 Nov 2014
Source: Danone Early Life Nutrition Brazil
An observational and prospective study involving about 30 healthy lactating mothers whose preterm infant(s) is/are hospitalized at Neonatal Intensive Care Unit after childbirth and who can provide enough maternal milk (3mL) to be analyzed from 4th day of admission until 15th day of hospitalization or until discharge. Considering the lack of evidence related to breast milk nutritional composition from Brazilian lactating mothers of preterm infants; and also ... Read More
Last Updated: 21 Nov 2016
Source: Public Research Centre Health, Luxembourg
The study will provide evidence of eating habits and physical activity in cerebrovascular patients in Luxembourg and of the degree to which these habits may be changed acutely (after one month) and in the long run (after 4 months) by intensive counselling. Furthermore the influence of intensive counselling and of the consumption of red wine on cerebrovascular risk factors, cognition, and on surrogate parameters for stroke will be assessed. Read More
Last Updated: 03 Oct 2012