This is an expanded access study to assess the safety profile and changes in serum direct
bilirubin levels in infants with PN associated cholestasis. Eligible patients will receive
therapy with Omegaven on an expanded access basis by method of continuous infusion. Omegaven
will be infused intravenously through either a central or peripheral catheter in conjunction
with parenteral nutrition. The same standards of care provided to all patients receiving
... Read More
The study is designed to observe the use of a peptide-based oral nutrition supplement in
adults with chronic malabsorption or maldigestion who require supplemental nutrition as
assessed by a clinician.
The purpose of this study is to determine which method of providing parenteral nutrition
(complete intravenous nutrition) will provide the best nutritional and clinical results to
children undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
The chemo-radiotherapy for the local advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients will induce
the mucosal ulcer and damage salivary glands. Consequently, it can disturb the nutrition
conditions and clinical outcomes of patients. This research tries to evaluate the nutrition
status at the baseline, before and after radiotherapy, during the follow-up by the body mass
index, hematological indexes, immunological indexes, and nutrition questionnaires including
... Read More
Pancreatoduodenectomy carries high morbidity rates even in high-volume centers.
Postoperative complications often preclude or delay adequate oral nutrition and nutritional
support may be required. However, the role of perioperative nutritional supplementation in
well-nourished patients remains controversial.
The purpose of this study is to compare the influence of early enteral and oral nutrition on
postoperative course and complications after ... Read More
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the effectives of enteral nutrition in
the treatment of pancreatic fistulas. The ratio of pancreatic fistula closure after 30 days
is selected as the primary outcome measure with the null hypothesis assuming that enteral
nutrition provides better results than parenteral nutrition as far as the closure ratio,
time to closure and treatment-related complications are concerned.
The Nutrition Care In Canadian Hospitals study, conducted by the Canadian Malnutrition Task
Force had the primary purpose of determining the prevalence of malnutrition in Canadian
acute care hospitals. Secondary objectives were to determine the independent association of
malnutrition with patient centred outcomes (e.g. length of stay) and describe the nutrition
care processes for malnourished and well nourished patients.
Recent progress in parenteral nutrition has contributed to improve vital prognosis and to
reduce morbidity in patients with severe intestinal failure.
Currently, home parenteral nutrition is the only alternative to prolonged hospitalization
for those patients. However, long-term parenteral nutrition can result in complications
especially in bone, such as osteopenia or osteomalacia, then increasing the risk of
fractures. Children are especially at risk ... Read More
The purpose of this research study is to better understand how to prevent malnutrition in
children under age 5 years in Intibuca, Honduras. A randomized community trial design was
used to implement a nutrition program, including a complementary nutrition supplement,
educational sessions, and growth and health monitoring integrated into the basic primary
care package, to participants living in communities in the intervention group. Participants
living in the ... Read More
The antioxidant system of very low birth weight infants is immature. This immaturity is
implicated in the pathogenesis of diseases such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia or
retinopathy. The main source of oxidant is oxygen, and parenteral nutrition is contaminated
with oxidant. Photoprotection decreases the oxidant load infused with parenteral nutrition.
In a preliminary study, photoprotection reduced the frequency of pulmonary bronchodysplasia,
increased the ... Read More
This is a randomized controlled trial to study a nutrition education intervention in
individuals with spinal cord injuries both in the acute rehabilitation setting (n = 100) and
the community setting (n = 100). Participants in the treatment group will receive six
interactive nutrition lectures based upon a successful program that has been used in older
adults titled "Eat Smart, Stay Well". The goals of intervention are to improve whole-grain,
fruit and ... Read More
Researchers are studying ways to predict if cancer patients are at risk for poor nutrition
during their chemotherapy treatment. They hope to identify children with nutrition problems
early in treatment. This may help prevent weight loss and other nutrition problems later in