Evaluation of Intensive Language Therapy

NCT ID: NCT02935842


Title
Effectiveness of High-frequency Specific Speech Therapy on Verbal Fluency Decline and/ or Verbal Apraxia in Patients With Parkinson's Disease With and Without Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) - a Randomized Controlled Single-blinded Trial
Purpose
Due to Parkinson's Disease (PD) speech and language (SL) deficits may occur. Further, the literature reports that PD patients, who have not undergone deep brain stimulation (DBS), have deficits regarding voice quality (e.g. loudness and intelligibility of their voice), while PD patients who have undergone DBS suffer from deficits in word retrieval and speech apraxia symptoms. To-date, therapeutic approaches focusing specifically on SL deficits observed in PD-DBS patients are yet to be developed and evaluated. Therefore, this study investigates the short-and longterm effectiveness of specific and intensive, high-frequency speech-language therapy in terms of reducing SL-deficits compared to a nonspecific and non-verbal sham treatment (i.e. a rhythmic balance-movement training (rBMT)) as well as to a 'no-therapy' condition.
Details
In the course of Parkinson's disease (PD) speech and language (SL) deficits may often emerge. In addition, severe verbal fluency (VF) decline has been repeatedly observed in the context of deep brain stimulation (DBS) in PD. Interestingly, while PD non-DBS patients have deficits with respect to loudness and intelligibility of their voice, PD patients who have undergone DBS (PD-DBS) suffer rather from difficulties in semantic and phonemic word retrieval, and from speech apraxia symptoms. However, to-date and to the best of our knowledge, therapeutic approaches focusing specifically on SL deficits observed in PD-DBS patients are yet to be developed and evaluated regarding their effectiveness. Thus, this study investigates the short-and longterm effectiveness of specific and intensive, high-frequency speech-language therapy in terms of reducing SL-deficits compared to a nonspecific and non-verbal sham treatment (i.e. a rhythmic balance-movement training (rBMT)) as well as to a 'no-therapy' condition.
Conditions
Parkinson's Disease
Keywords
Parkinson's Disease, Word Retrieval, Apraxia Symptoms, Dysarthria
Source
University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
Sponsors
University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
Status
Recruiting
Acronym
EILT
Last Updated
12 Oct 2016
URL
Official Link
Locations
Switzerland