Expanded Access Use of Omegaven® in the Treatment of Parenteral Nutrition Induced Liver Injury in Children

NCT ID: NCT02925520

Expanded Access Use of Omegaven® in the Treatment of Parenteral Nutrition Induced Liver Injury in Children
This is an expanded access study to assess the safety profile and changes in serum direct bilirubin levels in infants with PN associated cholestasis. Eligible patients will receive therapy with Omegaven on an expanded access basis by method of continuous infusion. Omegaven will be infused intravenously through either a central or peripheral catheter in conjunction with parenteral nutrition. The same standards of care provided to all patients receiving parenteral nutrition solution will be followed.
This expanded access protocol provides a mechanism for critically ill infants with parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD) to receive Omegaven for compassionate use situations for which there are no satisfactory alternative treatments.
Parenteral Nutrition-Associated Liver Disease
Cook Children's Health Care System
Cook Children's Health Care System
Last Updated
03 Oct 2016
Official Link
Dudrick SJ, Wilmore DW, Vars HM, Rhoads JE. Long-term total parenteral nutrition with growth, development, and positive nitrogen balance. 1968. Nutr Hosp. 2001 Nov-Dec;16(6):287-92; discussion 286-7.

Wilmore DW, Dudrick SJ. Growth and development of an infant receiving all nutrients exclusively by vein. JAMA. 1968 Mar 4;203(10):860-4.

Mullick FG, Moran CA, Ishak KG. Total parenteral nutrition: a histopathologic analysis of the liver changes in 20 children. Mod Pathol. 1994 Feb;7(2):190-4.

Freund HR. Abnormalities of liver function and hepatic damage associated with total parenteral nutrition. Nutrition. 1991 Jan-Feb;7(1):1-5; discussion 5-6. Review.

Beath SV, Davies P, Papadopoulou A, Khan AR, Buick RG, Corkery JJ, Gornall P, Booth IW. Parenteral nutrition-related cholestasis in postsurgical neonates: multivariate analysis of risk factors. J Pediatr Surg. 1996 Apr;31(4):604-6.

Greenberg GR, Wolman SL, Christofides ND, Bloom SR, Jeejeebhoy KN. Effect of total parenteral nutrition on gut hormone release in humans. Gastroenterology. 1981 May;80(5 pt 1):988-93.

Yeh SL, Chen WJ, Huang PC. Effects of L-glutamine on induced hepatosteatosis in rats receiving total parenteral nutrition. J Formos Med Assoc. 1995 Oct;94(10):593-9.

Kubota A, Yonekura T, Hoki M, Oyanagi H, Kawahara H, Yagi M, Imura K, Iiboshi Y, Wasa K, Kamata S, Okada A. Total parenteral nutrition-associated intrahepatic cholestasis in infants: 25 years' experience. J Pediatr Surg. 2000 Jul;35(7):1049-51.

Moss RL, Das JB, Ansari G, Raffensperger JG. Hepatobiliary dysfunction during total parenteral nutrition is caused by infusate, not the route of administration. J Pediatr Surg. 1993 Mar;28(3):391-6; discussion 396-7.

Helms RA, Christensen ML, Mauer EC, Storm MC. Comparison of a pediatric versus standard amino acid formulation in preterm neonates requiring parenteral nutrition. J Pediatr. 1987 Mar;110(3):466-70.

Moss RL, Haynes AL, Pastuszyn A, Glew RH. Methionine infusion reproduces liver injury of parenteral nutrition cholestasis. Pediatr Res. 1999 May;45(5 Pt 1):664-8.

Meehan JJ, Georgeson KE. Prevention of liver failure in parenteral nutrition-dependent children with short bowel syndrome. J Pediatr Surg. 1997 Mar;32(3):473-5.

Whalen GF, Shamberger RC, Perez-Atayde A, Folkman J. A proposed cause for the hepatic dysfunction associated with parenteral nutrition. J Pediatr Surg. 1990 Jun;25(6):622-6.

Zamir O, Nussbaum MS, Bhadra S, Subbiah MT, Rafferty JF, Fischer JE. Effect of enteral feeding on hepatic steatosis induced by total parenteral nutrition. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 1994 Jan-Feb;18(1):20-5.

Kaminski DL, Adams A, Jellinek M. The effect of hyperalimentation on hepatic lipid content and lipogenic enzyme activity in rats and man. Surgery. 1980 Jul;88(1):93-100.

Hultin M, Carneheim C, Rosenqvist K, Olivecrona T. Intravenous lipid emulsions: removal mechanisms as compared to chylomicrons. J Lipid Res. 1995 Oct;36(10):2174-84.

Qi K, Al-Haideri M, Seo T, Carpentier YA, Deckelbaum RJ. Effects of particle size on blood clearance and tissue uptake of lipid emulsions with different triglyceride compositions. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2003 Jan-Feb;27(1):58-64.

Nestel PJ. Effects of N-3 fatty acids on lipid metabolism. Annu Rev Nutr. 1990;10:149-67. Review.

Chen WJ, Yeh SL, Huang PC. Effects of fat emulsions with different fatty acid composition on plasma and hepatic lipids in rats receiving total parenteral nutrition. Clin Nutr. 1996 Feb;15(1):24-8.

Yeh SL, Chen WJ, Huang PC. Effects of fish oil and safflower oil emulsions on diet-induced hepatic steatosis in rats receiving total parenteral nutrition. Clin Nutr. 1996 Apr;15(2):80-3.

Kinsella JE, Lokesh B, Broughton S, Whelan J. Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids and eicosanoids: potential effects on the modulation of inflammatory and immune cells: an overview. Nutrition. 1990 Jan-Feb;6(1):24-44; discussion 59-62. Review.

Gura KM, Lee S, Valim C, Zhou J, Kim S, Modi BP, Arsenault DA, Strijbosch RA, Lopes S, Duggan C, Puder M. Safety and efficacy of a fish-oil-based fat emulsion in the treatment of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease. Pediatrics. 2008 Mar;121(3):e678-86. doi: 10.1542/peds.2007-2248.

Strijbosch RA, Lee S, Arsenault DA, Andersson C, Gura KM, Bistrian BR, Puder M. Fish oil prevents essential fatty acid deficiency and enhances growth: clinical and biochemical implications. Metabolism. 2008 May;57(5):698-707. doi: 10.1016/j.metabol.2008.01.008.

United States