Withdrawal of Artificial Nutrition at the End of Life (PERCEPAL)

NCT ID: NCT02900573


Title
Caregivers Confronted With the Withdrawal of Artificial Nutrition at the End of Life: Perception and Experienced Difficulties
Purpose
Withdrawing artificial nutrition in palliative care is an issue that often leads to ethical dilemmas among health care providers, despite clinical guidelines.
Details
The benefit of artificial nutrition in terminally ill patients has been a highly debated issue for the past 30 years, and abundant data are available regarding its effects on patients. Several clinical guidelines have specified the criteria to be considered before initiating artificial nutrition or hydration. If these guidelines appear consensual in theory, the situation is much less straightforward in practice. The attitude of physicians appeared very variable when it came to prescribing or withholding artificial nutrition or hydration, and the lack of training, among other parameters, seemingly encouraged health care professionals to prescribe artificial nutrition or hydration. Furthermore, the decision of the care provider is unconsciously complicated due to figurative representations associated with food regarding, among other aspects, the mother-child relationship, social cohesion, or religious beliefs. These differences are more important since the opinion of physicians and nurses is the one that carries the most influence on the patients' decision when deciding to initiate artificial nutrition and because artificial nutrition and hydration are a common source of ethical dilemmas in health care teams. Furthermore, stopping artificial nutrition or hydration could be misconstrued as euthanasia.
Conditions
Palliative Care Nursing
Keywords
Source
Centre Hospitalier Régional Metz-Thionville
Sponsors
Centre Hospitalier Régional Metz-Thionville
Status
Completed
Acronym
PERCEPAL
Last Updated
08 Sep 2016
URL
Official Link
Locations
France