TAP Block Efficacy After Lumbar Spine Surgery Through Anterior Approach: a Randomized, Placebo-controlled Study

NCT ID: NCT02778178


Title
Analgesic Efficacy of Transversus Abdominis Plane (TAP) Block After Lumbar Spine Surgery Through Anterior Approach (Anterior Lumbar or Direct Lateral Interbody Fusion): a Prospective, Randomized, Double-blind Placebo-controlled Study
Purpose
Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ALIF) as well as Direct Lateral Interbody Fusion (DLIF) are established techniques for lumbar interbody fusion. In contrast with posterior approaches, they allow free approach to the anterior disc space without opening of the spinal canal or the neural foramina. However, the additional anterior approach conveys specific concerns, including abdominal pain that may delay recovery after surgery. The transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is a validated approach for postoperative pain relief following abdominal surgeries. There is currently no evidence of the possible benefits of TAP block as part of multimodal pain management after ALIF/DLIF surgery. The investigator hypothesize that a single-injection TAP block reduces opioid consumption after anterior lumbar fusion surgery. The main goal of this prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study is to demonstrate a >35% reduction in opioid consumption during the 24h following ALIF/DLIF surgery.
Details
Clinical trial : therapeutic, prospective, randomized,double blind, placebo-controlled, with parallel group, of superiority, in intention to treat, monocentric study. The main steps of the study are: - preoperative assessment of eligibility - exclusion and inclusion criteria, written informed consent, baseline preoperative assessment (see specific section) - randomization (using a computer generated list) immediately before induction of anesthesia - TAP block: ropivacaine + clonidine (experimental group, n=20) OR saline (control group; n=20) - anesthesia (propofol, sufentanil, cisatracurium, ketamine and desflurane) and postoperative analgesia (paracetamol, ketoprofen, nefopam, and patient-controlled analgesia with morphine) similar in both groups - surgical procedure - primary outcome parameter (morphine consumption first 24 hours; see specific section) - secondary endpoints (see specific section, up to 6 months following surgery)
Conditions
Pain, Postoperative
Keywords
Source
University Hospital, Lille
Sponsors
University Hospital, Lille
Status
Active, not recruiting
Acronym
TAP-LIF
Last Updated
15 Nov 2016
URL
Official Link
Citations/Publications
Comité douleur-anesthésie locorégionale et le comité des référentiels de la Sfar.. [Formalized recommendations of experts 2008. Management of postoperative pain in adults and children]. Ann Fr Anesth Reanim. 2008 Dec;27(12):1035-41. doi: 10.1016/j.annfar.2008.10.002. French.

Tran TM, Ivanusic JJ, Hebbard P, Barrington MJ. Determination of spread of injectate after ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane block: a cadaveric study. Br J Anaesth. 2009 Jan;102(1):123-7. doi: 10.1093/bja/aen344.

Rozen WM, Tran TM, Ashton MW, Barrington MJ, Ivanusic JJ, Taylor GI. Refining the course of the thoracolumbar nerves: a new understanding of the innervation of the anterior abdominal wall. Clin Anat. 2008 May;21(4):325-33. doi: 10.1002/ca.20621. Review.

Raoul S. Etude anatomique du nerf sinus vertébral. Thèse pour le Doctorat en Médecine. Faculté de Médecine de Lille (1996)

Carney J, McDonnell JG, Ochana A, Bhinder R, Laffey JG. The transversus abdominis plane block provides effective postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy. Anesth Analg. 2008 Dec;107(6):2056-60. doi: 10.1213/ane.0b013e3181871313.

McDonnell JG, O'Donnell B, Curley G, Heffernan A, Power C, Laffey JG. The analgesic efficacy of transversus abdominis plane block after abdominal surgery: a prospective randomized controlled trial. Anesth Analg. 2007 Jan;104(1):193-7. Erratum in: Anesth Analg. 2007 May;104(5):1108.

McDonnell JG, Curley G, Carney J, Benton A, Costello J, Maharaj CH, Laffey JG. The analgesic efficacy of transversus abdominis plane block after cesarean delivery: a randomized controlled trial. Anesth Analg. 2008 Jan;106(1):186-91, table of contents. doi: 10.1213/01.ane.0000290294.64090.f3.

Belavy D, Cowlishaw PJ, Howes M, Phillips F. Ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane block for analgesia after Caesarean delivery. Br J Anaesth. 2009 Nov;103(5):726-30. doi: 10.1093/bja/aep235.

Niraj G, Searle A, Mathews M, Misra V, Baban M, Kiani S, Wong M. Analgesic efficacy of ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane block in patients undergoing open appendicectomy. Br J Anaesth. 2009 Oct;103(4):601-5. doi: 10.1093/bja/aep175.

El-Dawlatly AA, Turkistani A, Kettner SC, Machata AM, Delvi MB, Thallaj A, Kapral S, Marhofer P. Ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane block: description of a new technique and comparison with conventional systemic analgesia during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Br J Anaesth. 2009 Jun;102(6):763-7. doi: 10.1093/bja/aep067. Erratum in: Br J Anaesth. 2009 Oct;103(4):622.

Farooq M, Carey M. A case of liver trauma with a blunt regional anesthesia needle while performing transversus abdominis plane block. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2008 May-Jun;33(3):274-5. doi: 10.1016/j.rapm.2007.11.009.

Transversus Abdominal Plane Block. 52ème congrès national d'anesthésie et de réanimation. SFAR 2010

Locations
France