Intensive Nutrition in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS): A Clinical Trial (INTACT)

NCT ID: NCT01921101


Title
Intensive Nutrition in ARDS: A Clinical Trail (INTACT)
Purpose
The investigators propose a prospective randomized clinical trail to evaluate the impact of intensive medical nutrition therapy (IMNT) in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) or acute lung injury (ALI) on short and long-term outcomes. Participant's (N = 200) will be randomized to receive either standard care (SC e.g. ad lib feeding of standard food) or IMNT provided early as enteral nutrition (EN) and continued as intensive diet therapy tailored to maximize oral intake until hospital discharge. Primary outcomes evaluated include infections while hospitalized, immune parameters (CD4 and CD8 cells, serum IL-10 and leptin levels, numbers of T regulatory cells and markers for T cell anergy), days on mechanical ventilation, in the ICU and hospital , and changes in fat free mass(measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry), weight, muscular weakness (measured as hand grip strength), fatigue (measured as distanced traveled in 6-minute walk) and pulmonary function.
Details
This study was terminated early due to greater deaths occurring in the intervention group vs the control group. There were a total of 22 deaths, 16 in the intervention and 6 in the control.
Conditions
Acute Lung Injury
Keywords
nutrition, enteral feeding, parenteral feeding, hospital malnutrition
Source
University of Illinois at Chicago
Sponsors
University of Illinois at Chicago
Status
Terminated
Acronym
INTACT
Last Updated
31 Jul 2014
URL
Official Link
Citations/Publications
Sheean PM, Peterson SJ, Chen Y, Liu D, Lateef O, Braunschweig CA. Utilizing multiple methods to classify malnutrition among elderly patients admitted to the medical and surgical intensive care units (ICU). Clin Nutr. 2013 Oct;32(5):752-7. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2012.12.012.

Sheean PM, Peterson SJ, Zhao W, Gurka DP, Braunschweig CA. Intensive medical nutrition therapy: methods to improve nutrition provision in the critical care setting. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2012 Jul;112(7):1073-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2012.02.007.

Peterson SJ, Sheean PM, Braunschweig CL. Orally fed patients are at high risk of calorie and protein deficit in the ICU. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2011 Mar;14(2):182-5. doi: 10.1097/MCO.0b013e3283428e65. Review.

Braunschweig CA, Sheean PM, Peterson SJ. Examining the role of nutrition support and outcomes for hospitalized patients: putting nutrition back in the study design. J Am Diet Assoc. 2010 Nov;110(11):1646-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jada.2010.08.019.

Sheean PM, Peterson SJ, Gurka DP, Braunschweig CA. Nutrition assessment: the reproducibility of subjective global assessment in patients requiring mechanical ventilation. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2010 Nov;64(11):1358-64. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2010.154.

Peterson SJ, Tsai AA, Scala CM, Sowa DC, Sheean PM, Braunschweig CL. Adequacy of oral intake in critically ill patients 1 week after extubation. J Am Diet Assoc. 2010 Mar;110(3):427-33. doi: 10.1016/j.jada.2009.11.020.

Braunschweig CA, Sheean PM, Peterson SJ, Gomez Perez S, Freels S, Lateef O, Gurka D, Fantuzzi G. Intensive nutrition in acute lung injury: a clinical trial (INTACT). JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2015 Jan;39(1):13-20. doi: 10.1177/0148607114528541.

Locations
United States