Efficacy and Safety of Omega-3 Lipid Therapy in Pediatric Patients With Parenteral Nutrition-Associated Liver Disease

NCT ID: NCT01739517


Title
Efficacy and Safety of Omega-3 Lipid Therapy in Pediatric Patients With Parenteral Nutrition-Associated Liver Disease
Purpose
This pilot study seeks to demonstrate the efficacy of an intravenous lipid preparation high in omega-3 fatty acids (Omegaven) in the treatment of cholestasis in parenteral nutrition dependent patients with short gut syndrome.
Details
Conditions
Short Bowel Syndrome, Cholestasis
Keywords
Short bowel syndrome, Cholestasis, Omegaven, Parenteral nutrition-associated Liver Disease
Source
Amarnath, Rathna, M.D.
Sponsors
Amarnath, Rathna, M.D.
Status
Unknown status
Acronym
Last Updated
28 Nov 2012
URL
Official Link
Citations/Publications
Christensen RD, Henry E, Wiedmeier SE, Burnett J, Lambert DK. Identifying patients, on the first day of life, at high-risk of developing parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease. J Perinatol. 2007 May;27(5):284-90.

Diamond IR, Sterescu A, Pencharz PB, Wales PW. The rationale for the use of parenteral omega-3 lipids in children with short bowel syndrome and liver disease. Pediatr Surg Int. 2008 Jul;24(7):773-8. doi: 10.1007/s00383-008-2174-0. Review.

Kelly DA. Intestinal failure-associated liver disease: what do we know today? Gastroenterology. 2006 Feb;130(2 Suppl 1):S70-7. Review.

Gura KM, Duggan CP, Collier SB, Jennings RW, Folkman J, Bistrian BR, Puder M. Reversal of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease in two infants with short bowel syndrome using parenteral fish oil: implications for future management. Pediatrics. 2006 Jul;118(1):e197-201.

Moss RL, Das JB, Ansari G, Raffensperger JG. Hepatobiliary dysfunction during total parenteral nutrition is caused by infusate, not the route of administration. J Pediatr Surg. 1993 Mar;28(3):391-6; discussion 396-7.

Chen WJ, Yeh SL, Huang PC. Effects of fat emulsions with different fatty acid composition on plasma and hepatic lipids in rats receiving total parenteral nutrition. Clin Nutr. 1996 Feb;15(1):24-8.

de Meijer VE, Le HD, Meisel JA, Gura KM, Puder M. Parenteral fish oil as monotherapy prevents essential fatty acid deficiency in parenteral nutrition-dependent patients. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2010 Feb;50(2):212-8. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0b013e3181bbf51e.

Colomb V, Jobert-Giraud A, Lacaille F, Goulet O, Fournet JC, Ricour C. Role of lipid emulsions in cholestasis associated with long-term parenteral nutrition in children. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2000 Nov-Dec;24(6):345-50.

Yeh SL, Chen WJ, Huang PC. Effects of fish oil and safflower oil emulsions on diet-induced hepatic steatosis in rats receiving total parenteral nutrition. Clin Nutr. 1996 Apr;15(2):80-3.

Gura KM, Lee S, Valim C, Zhou J, Kim S, Modi BP, Arsenault DA, Strijbosch RA, Lopes S, Duggan C, Puder M. Safety and efficacy of a fish-oil-based fat emulsion in the treatment of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease. Pediatrics. 2008 Mar;121(3):e678-86. doi: 10.1542/peds.2007-2248.

Puder M, Valim C, Meisel JA, Le HD, de Meijer VE, Robinson EM, Zhou J, Duggan C, Gura KM. Parenteral fish oil improves outcomes in patients with parenteral nutrition-associated liver injury. Ann Surg. 2009 Sep;250(3):395-402. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e3181b36657.

Locations
United States