Thermic & Lipemic Properties of Dietary Carbohydrates

NCT ID: NCT01354574


Title
Thermic & Lipemic Properties of Dietary Carbohydrates
Purpose
The purpose of this study is to determine if consumption of meals containing carbohydrates with different glycemic index (a high glycemic index meal and a low glycemic index meal)have different effects on energy expenditure, type of metabolic fuels used for energy, blood lipids and lipoproteins, and sensations of hunger, fullness, and the hormones related to satiety.
Details
Little is known about the metabolic effects of chronic dieting and weight cycling in humans, but limited evidence suggests that fatty acid oxidation may be depressed leading to periodic elevation of circulating lipids associated with meal ingestion and preferential storage of fat in adipose tissue. With the traditional approach of restrictive dieting failing to result in permanent weight loss and, possibly producing abnormalities in lipid metabolism, it is important to evaluate alternative approaches to achieve a healthy body weight through improved metabolism. In this study the investigators will test the postprandial metabolic effects of standard mixed meals containing carbohydrates with high glycemic index and compare these effects to responses obtained with standard mixed meals, matched for protein and fat content but containing carbohydrates with low glycemic index.
Conditions
Exogenous Obesity, Dietary Modification
Keywords
energy metabolism, lipids, lipoproteins, satiety, glycemic load, insulin
Source
USDA, Western Human Nutrition Research Center
Sponsors
USDA, Western Human Nutrition Research Center
Status
Completed
Acronym
FL33
Last Updated
11 Jul 2011
URL
Official Link
Citations/Publications
Motton DD, Keim NL, Tenorio FA, Horn WF, Rutledge JC. Postprandial monocyte activation in response to meals with high and low glycemic loads in overweight women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 Jan;85(1):60-5.

Burton-Freeman BM, Keim NL. Glycemic index, cholecystokinin, satiety and disinhibition: is there an unappreciated paradox for overweight women? Int J Obes (Lond). 2008 Nov;32(11):1647-54. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2008.159.

Locations
United States