Prevention of Parenteral Nutrition-Associated Cholestasis With Cyclic Parenteral Nutrition in Infants

NCT ID: NCT01062815

Prevention of Parenteral Nutrition-Associated Cholestasis With Cyclic Parenteral Nutrition in Infants
Hypothesis to be Tested: Since the first description of intravenous alimentation over half a century ago, parenteral nutrition (PN) has become a common nutritional intervention for conditions characterized by inability to tolerate enteral feeds such as Short Bowel Syndrome, Chronic Intestinal Pseudoobstruction, Microvillus Inclusion Disease, Crohn's disease, multi-organ failure and prematurity. Parenteral Nutrition-Associated Liver Disease (PNALD) encompasses a spectrum of disease including cholestasis, hepatitis, steatosis and gallbladder sludge/stones which may progress to liver cirrhosis and even failure. There is a direct correlation between duration of parenteral nutrition and development of cholestasis in infants. There is evidence in animals and humans that cycling of parental nutrition, defined as infusing nutrients over a time period shorter than 24 hours, reduces cholestasis. There is also data that premature infants with gestational age (GA) < 32 weeks and birth weight <1500g, as well as infants with congenital anomalies of the gastrointestinal tract, are among those at highest risk of developing Parenteral Nutrition-Associated Cholestasis (PNAC). We therefore hypothesize that infants with gestational age (GA) <32 weeks and birth weight (BW) between <1500g, or with congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract regardless of GA or BW, receiving PN over a period of 20 hours will have a decrease severity of PNAC, demonstrated by a lower peak direct bilirubin, compared to a similar control population receiving standard 24 hour infusion.
Cholestasis, Prematurity, Gastroschisis, Intestinal Atresia, Necrotizing Enterocolitis
PNALD, PNAC, Parenteral Nutrition-Associated Cholestasis, Congenital Anomalies of Gastrointestinal Tract
University of Miami
University of Miami
Last Updated
19 Nov 2015
Official Link
United States