Phase I and Pharmacology Study of Camptothecin-20-O-Propionate Hydrate (CZ48) in Patients With Solid Tumors or Lymphoma

NCT ID: NCT00947739


Title
Phase I and Pharmacology Study of Camptothecin-20-O-Propionate Hydrate (CZ48) in Patients With Solid Tumors or Lymphoma
Purpose
This is a phase I and pharmacology study of Camptothecin-20-O-Propionate Hydrate (CZ48) in Patients with Solid Tumors or Lymphoma. OBJECTIVES Primary: 1. To describe the dose limiting toxicities and adverse event profile of Camptothecin-20-O-Propionate hydrate (CZ48) administered orally every day. 2. To determine Phase II recommended dose of Camptothecin-20-O-Propionate hydrate (CZ48) administered orally every day. Secondary: 3. To perform a pharmacokinetic study of orally administered CZ48 in the plasma. 4. To assess responses by RECIST criteria. 5. To follow patients for survival.
Details
CZ48 is an analog of the topoisomerase I inhibitor Camptothecin (CPT). CPT is an alkaloid extracted from the Chinese tree, Camptotheca acuminata. Only the S isomer (the natural form) is biologically active. The intact E lactone ring, which tends to be preserved in an acid environment, is essential for anti-tumor activity. Moreover, the open lactone ring moiety tends to promote toxicity [1-3]. In phase I and II trials conducted from 1970-1972 with the sodium salt of CPT (later shown to be largely inactive) toxicities included myelosuppression, diarrhea and cystitis [2, 3]. With the observation in 1984 that the mechanism of action of CPT was through topoisomerase I inhibition [1], renewed interest in the drug led to the development of a variety of analogs, some of which had higher potency than the parent drug. Some derivatives are water soluble such as Camptosar® (irinotecan, CPT¬-11) and Hycamptin® (topotecan), which are currently approved for use in the USA for colon and ovarian cancers, respectively. Studies have shown that substitutions at the C-9 and C- 10 positions enhance activity, and may confer water solubility. In general, analogs that are water-soluble have reduced anti-cancer activity in preclinical models. The water-insoluble native camptothecin (CPT) caused diarrhea, which proved to be the dose limiting toxicity. Measurements demonstrated very little closed lactone ring CPT in the plasma of subjects receiving this compound [4]. This was later explained by the demonstration that CPT binds to human albumin, an action which promotes opening of the lactone ring [5]. Mouse albumin is much less efficient in this activity, hence explaining the greater antitumor activity observed in mice models. In contrast to CPT, CZ48 incubated in vitro with human plasma and studied in vivo maintains a substantial closed lactone ring concentration in the plasma. It appears to act as a pro-drug. The removal of the side chain by endogenous esterases liberates the active drug, CPT. Malignant cells have a high esterase content and are rapidly transforming the pro-drug into the active parent drug. Preclinical studies suggest retention of anti-cancer activity and reduction in toxicity, probably because the pro-drug in the systemic circulation has no or little activity. Therefore, delivery of higher concentrations of closed lactone ring CPT analog inside the tumor cells should potentiate the anti-tumor activity. This study offers an opportunity to evaluate this hypothesis. - OVERVIEW OF NONCLINICAL TESTING STRATEGY All nonclinical pharmacology, pharmacokinetic, and toxicology studies described herein were conducted by or for The CHRISTUS Stehlin Foundation for Cancer Research. For studies conducted in accordance with GLP regulations, the location of records for inspection is/will be included in each study report. For nonGLP studies, study records are retained on file at: The CHRISTUS Stehlin Foundation for Cancer Research 1315 St. Joseph Parkway, Suite #1818 Houston, TX 77002 Several experiments were conducted to examine the primary pharmacodynamics (i.e., efficacy and potency) of CZ48 against various tumor lines both in vitro and in vivo. In light of the intended Phase I patient population, the CZ48 safety pharmacology package was limited to in vitro and in vivo cardiovascular assessments. No secondary pharmacodynamic or pharmacodynamic drug interaction studies were conducted with CZ48. Note: For all GLP studies the purity of the CZ48 as determined by HPLC validated methods is 98.9%. For these studies, the drug was formulated in a 0.5% medium density carboxymethyl cellulose aqueous suspension (CMC). For all non-GLP studies the drug (98% purity) was formulated as a suspension in cottonseed oil (except the non-GLP study performed by Covance which also used the CMC formulation). Studies characterizing the pharmacokinetics and toxicokinetics of CZ48 and its active metabolite camptothecin after either single- or repeat-dose administration were conducted in mice and dogs. The repeat-dose studies were toxicokinetic evaluations conducted as part of the pivotal toxicology program using validated bioanalytical methods. No extensive distribution studies were conducted with CZ48; however, drug distribution into tumor, liver and kidney tissues of tumor-bearing mice was evaluated. Several in vitro and in vivo metabolism studies were conducted to examine the metabolic conversion of CZ48 to its active moiety, camptothecin. Excretion studies were limited to measurement of CZ48 in the feces of nude mice following single-dose administration. Pharmacokinetic drug interaction studies were not conducted with CZ48. The CZ48 toxicology program consisted of exploratory (nonGLP) dose range-finding studies in the mouse and dog and definitive (GLP) toxicity and toxicokinetic studies in both species. Pivotal toxicology studies conducted with CZ48 employed the intended clinical route and schedule of administration. Additionally, two studies (nonGLP) were conducted in mice to assess the general tolerability of chronic high-dose CZ48 administration.
Conditions
Advanced Solid Tumors, Lymphomas
Keywords
CZ, Stehlin, Lymphomas
Source
New Mexico Cancer Care Alliance
Sponsors
New Mexico Cancer Care Alliance, Christus Stehlin Foundation for Cancer Research
Status
Completed
Acronym
Last Updated
15 Jun 2015
URL
Official Link
Locations
United States