Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial (RPCT) of Maize/Zinc in Guatemala

NCT ID: NCT00098202

Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial (RPCT) of Maize/Zinc in Guatemala
Malnutrition is a serious health problem in the developing world. This study looks at the effects of changing the type of basic food staple (corn) used in Guatemala and infant zinc supplementation on infants' growth, development, and illnesses from infectious diseases.
Poor mineral nutrition, especially deficiencies of iron and zinc, is a major cause of maternal and, especially, infant morbidity/mortality in developing world countries. The objectives of this study are to determine whether: a) linear growth velocity between 6 and 12 months in infants receiving a 5mg Zn supplement will be greater than that for infants receiving placebo; b) linear growth velocity will be greater for infants receiving complementary foods containing low phytate maize than for the infants fed wild-type control maize. In addition, Zn metabolic studies will be performed. The objective of the metabolic studies are to measure key variables of Zn homeostasis in maternal participants during changes in the reproductive cycle and in infants during a time when they are most vulnerable to Zn deficiency. The primary outcome measurement is linear growth velocity between 6 and 12 months. Secondary outcomes are weight gain, diarrheal incidence/prevalence and infant neurodevelopmental measures. Optional maternal and infant biochemical data will be collected from a convenience sample comprised of willing participants. One additional component to this study is to collect information on the nutritional status of the women receiving low-phytate vs. control maize and the infants enrolled in this study. The current protocol for infants in this study specifies measurements of exchangeable zinc pool (EZP) at 6 and 12 months of age; in order to lessen the burden of study participation we plan to conduct the metabolic studies in infants at only nine months of age. In addition to decreasing the number of infant studies, this change will enable families who are only participating in the metabolic studies (not simultaneously enrolled in the sibling cohort) to cease all study demands at the end of the nine month measurement (an overall decrease of three months in study participation). The primary outcome measure for this study is the quantity of zinc absorbed (mg/day)from complementary foods and a Zn supplement at age 9 months. The rationale for measures of zinc absorption in infants is that the low phytate complementary feeding is expected to have a beneficial public health effect only if it results in enhanced mineral, especially zinc, absorption. Therefore, confirmation of increased zinc absorption can be regarded as the first logical stage of any efficacy study. The sample size of 420 is required in order to observe a 6% increase in growth rates for Zn supplemented infants compared to placebo treated infants within each maize group with 80% power.
Nutrition, Pregnancy
Global Network, Micronutrients, Zinc, Maternal and child health, Women's health, International, Guatemala, Nutrition, Corn, Maize
NICHD Global Network for Women's and Children's Health
NICHD Global Network for Women's and Children's Health, Global Network for Women's and Children's Health Research, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, John E. Fogarty International Center (FIC), National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH), National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR), National Cancer Institute (NCI), RTI International, University of Colorado, Denver, Center for Studies of Sensory Impairment, Aging and Metabolism, Foundation for Alimentation and Nutrition, Central America and Panama, USDA Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center
Last Updated
15 Dec 2013
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